Headline: International Scientific Collaboration Is Needed to Bridge Science to Society: USERN2020 Consensus Statement

Scientific collaboration has been a critical aspect of the development of all fields of science, particularly clinical medicine. It is well understood that myriads of benefits can be yielded by interdisciplinary and international collaboration. For instance, our rapidly growing knowledge on COVID-19 and vaccine development could not be attained without expanded collaborative activities. However, achieving fruitful results requires mastering specific tactics in collaborative efforts. These activities can enhance our knowledge, which ultimately benefits society. In addition to tackling the issue of the invisible border between different countries, institutes, and disciplines, the border between the scientific community and society needs to be addressed as well. International and transdisciplinary approaches can potentially be the best solution for bridging science and society. The Universal Scientific Education and Research Network (USERN) is a non-governmental, non-profit organization and network to promote professional, scientific research and education worldwide. The fifth annual congress of USERN was held in Tehran, Iran, in a hybrid manner on November 7–10, 2020, with key aims of bridging science to society and facilitating borderless science. Among speakers of the congress, a group of top scientists unanimously agreed on The USERN 2020 consensus, which is drafted with the goal of connecting society with scientific scholars and facilitating international and interdisciplinary scientific activities in all fields, including clinical medicine.

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Momtazmanesh, S., Saghazadeh, A., Becerra, J. C. A., Aramesh, K., Barba, F. J., Bella, F., Blakney, A., Capaccioli, M., Castagna, R., Crisanti, U., Davtyan, T., Dorigo, T., Ealy, J., Farokhnia, M., Grancini, G., Gupta, M., Harbi, A., Krysztofiak, W., Kulasinghe, A., Lam, C.-M., Leemans, A., Lighthill, B., Limongelli, V., Lopreiato, P., Luongo, L., Maboloc, C. R., Malekzadeh, R., Gomes, O. C., Milosevic, M., Nouwen, J., Ortega-Sánchez, D., Pawelek, J., Pramanik, S., Ramakrishna, S., Renn, O., Sanseviero, S., Sauter, D., Schreiber, M., Sellke, F. W., Shahbazi, M.-A., Shelkovaya, N., Slater, W. H., Snoeck, D., Sztajer, S., Uddin, L. Q., Veramendi-Espinoza, L., Vinuesa, R., Willett, W. C., Wu, D., Żyniewicz, K., & Rezaei, N. (2021). International Scientific Collaboration Is Needed to Bridge Science to Society: USERN2020 Consensus Statement. SN comprehensive clinical medicine. doi:10.1007/s42399-021-00896-2.

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