G20 should initiate a global Ocean governance process and call for Ocean Economy dialogues, strategies and regional cooperation to ensure that investment and growth in ocean use become sustainable and reach their full potential.The ocean is the largest and a most critical ecosystem on Earth, with many interactions between the ocean Sustainable Development Goal (SDG14) and other SDGs. It is one of the most biologically diverse and highly productive system on the planet, and potentially the largest provider of food, materials, energy, and ecosystem services. However, past and current maritime sectors’ uses of the ocean continue to be unsustainable. Increasing demand for resources, technological advances, overfishing, climate change, pollution, biodiversity and habitat loss, along with inadequate stewardship and law enforcement, are contributing to the ocean’s decline.As a standing agenda item for the G20, and with associated good governance, a sustainable Ocean Economy can improve the health and productivity of ocean ecosystems, and reverse the current cycle of deline. Better governance, appreciation of the economic value of the ocean and ‘Blue Economy’ strategies can reduce conflicts among uses, ensure financial sustainability, ecosystem integrity and prosperity, and promote long-term national growth and employment in maritime industries.
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Visbeck, M., Teleki, K., Pantzar, M., Orbach, M. K., Brink, P. t., Virdin, J., Rochette, J., Hornidge, A.-K., Farmer, A., Russi, D., Thiele, T., Bakshi, R., Bhatia, R., Boteler, B., Herédia, M., Kraemer, R. A., Krüger, I., Martinez, G., Mathur, A., Pendleton, L., Cunha, T. P. e., Rustomjee, C., & Vaughan, S. (2017). Sustainable Ocean Economy, Innovation and Growth: A G20 Initiative for the 7th Largest Economy in the World. G20 Insights Policy Briefs - 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.
- http://www.g20-insights.org/policy_briefs/sustainable-ocean-economy-innovation-… https://publications.iass-potsdam.de/rest/items/item_2188899_9/component/file_2…
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- Deep Seabed Mining - Test Mining and Fair Benefit Sharing