Headline: A multi-model assessment of regional climate disparities caused by solar geoengineering

Global-scale solar geoengineering is the deliberate modification of the climate system to offset some amount of anthropogenic climate change by reducing the amount of incident solar radiation at the surface. These changes to the planetary energy budget result in differential regional climate effects. For the first time, we quantitatively evaluate the potential for regional disparities in a multi-model context using results from a model experiment that offsets the forcing from a quadrupling of CO2 via reduction in solar irradiance. We evaluate temperature and precipitation changes in 22 geographic regions spanning most of Earthʼs continental area. Moderate amounts of solar reduction (up to 85% of the amount that returns global mean temperatures to preindustrial levels) result in regional temperature values that are closer to preindustrial levels than an un-geoengineered, high CO2 world for all regions and all models. However, in all but one model, there is at least one region for which no amount of solar reduction can restore precipitation toward its preindustrial value. For most metrics considering simultaneous changes in both variables, temperature and precipitation values in all regions are closer to the preindustrial climate for a moderate amount of solar reduction than for no solar reduction.

Publication Year
2014
Publication Type
Academic Articles
Citation

Kravitz, B., MacMartin, D. G., Robock, A., Rasch, P. J., Ricke, K. L., Cole, J. N. S., Curry, C. L., Irvine, P. J., Ji, D., Keith, D. W., Egill Kristjánsson, J., Moore, J. C., Muri, H., Singh, B., Tilmes, S., Watanabe, S., Yang, S., Yoon, J.-H. (2014): A multi-model assessment of regional climate disparities caused by solar geoengineering. - Environmental Research Letters, 9, 7, 074013.DOI: http://doi.org/10.1088/1748-9326/9/7/074013

DOI
10.1088/1748-9326/9/7/074013
Links
http://publications.iass-potsdam.de/pubman/item/escidoc:546894:5/component/esci…
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