Overline: COP25
Headline: Live from Madrid

2019 United Nations Climate Change Conference
The UN Climate Change Conference in Madrid (COP25) is followed by the live ticker of our scientists, who present the latest research results on site. 2019 United Nations Climate Change Conference

Follow developments at the UN Climate Change Conference in Madrid in the IASS liveblog!

Pollution Pods COP25
Hidden in a corner of the venue so that you have to seek them out is the Pollution Pods exhibit, promoted by the WHO and the BreatheLife campaign. IASS/ K. Mar
Pollution Pods exhibit Katie COP25
"As someone who has had the experience of smelling and tasting the 'real thing', I could definitely tell the difference – but I enjoyed the immersive quality of the exhibit." IASS/ K. Mar

6 December 8:30 a.m.: Art at COP25 - Michael Pinsky’s Pollution Pods.

Hidden in a corner of the venue so that you have to seek them out – sadly, you won’t just stumble across them – is the Pollution Pods exhibit, promoted by the WHO and the BreatheLife campaign, among others. It is a series of five geodesic domes, filled with a mixture of nontoxic “perfumes” crafted to replicate the experience of air pollution in five different world cities: Trondheim, London, New Delhi, Beijing, and Sao Paolo. As someone who has had the experience of smelling and tasting the “real thing,” I could definitely tell the difference – but I enjoyed the immersive quality of the exhibit. In “New Delhi” the air is warm and humid and nearly opaque, and in Beijing it’s much colder – because Beijing’s worst air pollution episodes happen in winter. Attention to air pollution within the “climate space” can be seen around the COP, both at IASS events and others, but I would say the topic still hasn’t arrived in the mainstream. (Kathleen Mar)

Charlotte COP25
"Restore the European leadership role!" IASS/ C. Unger
Charlotte Unger COP25
"We are supposed to be the leaders for tomorrow, but how can we be that, if the world of tomorrow is not going to exist as we know it?" IASS/ C. Unger

5 December 19.11 p.m.

In the run-up of COP 25, Brazilian Civil Society Organizations gathered in order to organize a pavilion for Brazil, since it was clear that there would no governmental one. They succeeded, and have an extremely full and interesting programme running throughout the COP. There was one slot reserved for a panel with the Brazilian governmental delegation followed by a conversation with Civil Society. Two representatives of Guaraní Youth in Brazil presented a document, explaining their needs and asking the delegates for a stronger engagement. Speech and document were strongly supported by the public, and so the contrast to the answer that followed by the delegate was even bigger. He said: „ When I was your age, I was a Greta. I was running around in the streets demanding for more action. When you will be my age, you will understand things are not so easy. When you will be my age, this issue will not be resolved and you will understand things will have to be approached differently“. This statement generated a lot criticism - one glimmer of hope. (Deborah Ferreira)

Guaraní Youth fighting to be heared by Brazilian governmental delegation
Guaraní Youth fighting to be heared by Brazilian governmental delegation IASS / D.Ferreira

5 December 15:45 p.m.

"We are supposed to be the leaders for tomorrow, but how can we be that, if the world of tomorrow is not going to exist as we know it?"

"Takeaway from the demands of German NGOs to the German delegation: Restore the European leadership role, e.g. by communicating in the coming 'political' week that the EU will have delivered a more ambitious, 'updated' NDC in October 2020!"

"One of the main issues in the COP negotiations, 'market mechanisms', is still at the very beginning: Interests range from the desire to create a simple financial transfer mechanism, to the hope of improved cooperation, to the fear of opening new loopholes for unambitious goals; and others want to get rid of Article 6 of the Paris Agreement." (Charlotte Unger)

5 December 14:25 Colombian Pavillion at COP25

NGO and Ministry representatives talking about the importance and meaning of participatory approaches. "International cooperation projects genrally don't take the necessary time. They come to us, want to implement projects without knowing the context, and then leave again. Participatory approaches also should mean taking the time it needs to make participation meaningful and sustainable" (Deborah Ferreira)

Katie Mar und Nico Kreibich COP25
IASS-Scientist Dr. Kathleen Mar and Nico Kreibich, climate policy expert from the Wuppertal Institute at COP25 in Madrid. IASS/ K. Mar

5 Decmeber 12:28 p.m. - Experts' meeting

This morning I had another chance to catch up with Nico Kreibich, climate policy expert from the Wuppertal Institute. He is following the negotiations on Article 6 (market mechanisms) closely – or at least as closely as possible given that most negotiations are happening behind closed doors. The general sentiment is that negotiations are rather stuck, and that it’s very difficult to come to agreement on important issues such as how to ensure environmental integrity in carbon markets. And what happens if no agreement is reached? Well, no one is really sure, but it’s probably not the case that the world would simply give up on carbon markets – instead, it’s likely that market mechanisms would continue to be pursued in different contexts, but without the transparency and integrity that strong rules for Article 6 could ensure. (Kathleen Mar)

4 December 2019, 6.30 p.m.

In the panel discussion "Negative Emissions: The Emerging Debate" organized by Liechtenstein and the Climate Strategies climate expert network, Matthias Honegger addresses the question of what role the removal of CO2 from the atmosphere could play in climate protection under the Paris Agreement. Janos Pasztor, Jo House and Shuchi Talati will also take part in the discussion moderated by Andrzej Blachowicz.

4 December 2019, 6 p.m.: Ocean-Climate Platform

At the COP the Ocean-Climate Platform launched their policy-recommendations “A Healthy Ocean, A Protected Climate." The IASS presented the section on Sustainable Finance. "We need innovative financing to bring about the transition at the scape and complexity that we need to combat climate change. In addition, we need structures such as ocean-finance trust funds. SeyCCAT is such a structure!" (Thorsten Thiele)

 At the COP the Ocean-Climate Platform launched their policy-recommendations “A Healthy Ocean, A Protected Climate". Torsten Thiele of IASS presented the section on Sustainable Finance.
At the COP the Ocean-Climate Platform launched their policy-recommendations “A Healthy Ocean, A Protected Climate" Torsten Thiele of IASS presented the section on Sustainable Finance.
IASS/Torsten Thiele

4 December 2019, 4.10 p.m.

A technical working group on agriculture was set up in 2017 to discuss climate-relevant issues in agriculture. The group's fourth workshop is focused on improved nutrient and fertiliser management. Experts as well as government representatives are contributing. Especially interesting for our work: are the possibilities of removing CO2 from the atmosphere being addressed? So far this does not seem to be the case. (Matthias Honegger)

The technical working group on agriculture at COP25
The technical working group on agriculture at COP25 IASS/Matthias Honegger

Mark Lawrence at COP25 - Video by Héctor Rodriguez Chávez

4 December 2019, 16:10

A technical working group on agriculture was set up in 2017 to discuss climate-relevant issues in agriculture. The group's fourth workshop is focused on improved nutrient and fertiliser management. Experts as well as government representatives are contributing. Especially interesting for our work: are the possibilities of removing CO2 from the atmosphere being addressed? So far this does not seem to be the case. (Matthias Honegger)

4 December 2019, 13:41

IASS Director Mark Lawrence urges to transform knowledge to the actionable level. Our key co-benefit health results in South Africa and India regarding air quality will be shared today in Room 1 at COP25. (Mara Gomez)

4 December, 13:30 Panel about Air Pollution

Marc Lawrence highlights the great potential of NDCs to reviving climate politics. Within transnational corporations we try to strengthen solidarity and the inclusion of stakeholders.

We actually need Climate Change - but not in physical but cultural terms. We need to change our actions cooperation, says Marc Lawrence - meet him at #ReflectCop #COP25 (Laima Eicke)

Read what IISD reports about this Discussion Panel: Strengthening Climate Promises: Action on Air Quality to Enhance Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs)

4 December 2019, 10:47: Women Empowerment!

"A journey of a thousand miles begins with a single step” - Join us at our special event “Why do We Need Women Leadership for Planetary Health?”

"Everyone agrees that health is important. Almost nobody wants to pay for it. Time to bridge this gap!"

When: FRIDAY (6th) 2-3Pm at the IASS Dialogue and Reflection Pace (Hall 6) Women Empowerment is the key to overcome the Climate Crisis. (Nicole de Paula)

Nicole and Peer Group at COP25
Nicole de Paula (2d from right) will join a Special Panel on Women Leadership for Planetary Health at COP25. IASS/ N. de Paula

03. December 2019, 12.30 p.m.: Cobenefits

How do we go from high-level discussions of the Cobenefits of renewable energies to realizing them on the ground? Hector Rodriguez stresses the importance of ownership and capacity building at the IASS and Climate Strategies side event. Example for what is going wrong: In Mexico you can get a car loan with an interest rate of 8%, and a loan for rooftop solar panels for an interest rate of 15% - despite the fact that cars start losing value as soon as you drive them off the lot. “The innovation of the Paris Agreement is its bottom-up approach on the country-level, but a bottom-up approach within countries for developing NDS isn’t there yet,” says IASS-colleague Deborah Ferreira. What can this kind of participation look like?

Nicole de Paula
Klaus Töpfer Sustainability Fellow Nicole de Paula at today's panel at COP25. IASS/ C. Fraude
Strengthening peacefull pathways to sustainable solutions
Starts at 2:43 pm today at SDG Pavillion Hall 8: Strengthening peacefull pathways to sustainable solutions IASS/ C. Fraude

03. December 2019, 10:59: Laima Eicke presents new IASS-Policy Brief

Lead author Laima Eicke presents our new IASS-Policy Brief Countering the risk of an uneven low-carbon energy transition at COP25 with recommendations to prevent inequality between countries, many of them need commitments for financial and technical assistance to speed up their energy transition processes to the degree required by the Paris Agreement. For example, countries that are unable to phase out fossil fuels quickly enough are at risk of being excluded from international trade and value chains.

Laima Eicke presents Policy Brief
The new Policy Brief by the IASS focuses on the risks of an uneven transition and makes concrete proposals to prevent such risks - lead author Laima Eicke (right) presents the recommendations at COP25. IASS/ N. de Paula

3 December 10.50 a.m.

“We are here in Madrid today and not in Santiago because of social inequality.” Given the situation, it seems like way too few people are talking about this. Mara Gomez is opening our event at the EU Climate Action Pavillion, in collaboration with the NGO Climate Strategies.

 

3 December, 10:20. a.m.

Demanding loss and damage funds and climate finance for 1.5 degrees: this morning’s protest action at COP25 by Asian Peoples' Movement on Debt and Development and others. (Kathleen Mar)

2 December 2019, 10:09 p.m.

What can we expect from the negotiations at COP25?  I asked climate policy expert Nicolas Kreibich from the Wuppertal Institute before the start of the COP. His answer: in Madrid negotiators need to agree on robust principles for Market Mechanisms (Article 6). But that doesn’t mean the rulebook for Article 6 will be “finished” – for that he expects work to continue throughout 2020. This realism, which I have also heard echoed by German climate negotiators, runs contrary to the hopes of many observers – who I anticipate will be frustrated in the case of a still-unfinished rulebook at the end of next week. (Kathleen Mar)

COP25
IASS/Kathleen Mar

2 December 2019, 7:49 p.m.

Seyifunmi Adebote, Environmentalist and Team Lead at ICCDI Africa, participated in our conversation on the culture of COP and hosted the first guest session of our Dialogue and Reflection Space today. He commented afterwards: “People told me the COP was like a marketplace...which is what makes a dialogue space like this special.” (Kathleen Mar)

 

2 December 2019, 2.33 p.m.

Prominence of the Amazon Region at COP25: Several side-events are being held around this region, underlining the importance of bringing forward action in the Amazon to be able to tackle the issue of climate change on a global level. Climate Alliance COICA ( Coordinadora de las Organizaciones Indígenas de la Cuenca Amazónica ): "Problems indigenous peoples have to face are not just problems for indigenous peoples, but affect all." (Deborah Ferreira)

COP 25 - Discussion on the Amazon Region
IASS / D.Ferreira

2 December 2019, 1 p.m.: Start of the IASS-Reflection and Dialogue Space

Awesome quick start session at the Reflection and Dialogue Space this morning. A full house discussing our expectations and the duality at COP25: inspiration and benchmarking is a common goal, but also impact at the granular level! (Mara Gomez)

Dialogue and Reflection Space on 2 Dec
IASS/Mara Gomez

2 December, 11:15 a.m.: Opening of COP25 in Madrid

"We do not need an incremental approach, we need a transformational one." António Guterres at the COP opening speech urging for a substantially stronger ambition needing to happen now. Expressing his frustration about the slow pace of this process he urges the countries to use this COP to make a difference. "We have no time to spare. We must demonstrate a firm determination in reaching the goals we promised to reach with the Paris Agreement." (Deborah Ferreira)

Eröffnung der COP25 in Madrid.
Impressionen von der Eröffnung der COP25 in Madrid. IASS/ D. Ferreira
IASS Co-Creative Reflection Dialogue Space
The IASS Co-Creative Reflection and Dialogue Space in Hall 6 at COP25. IASS/ K. Mar

2 December, 11. a.m.: The IASS Reflection & Dialogue Space

Beginning shortly: Reflection & Dialogue on the culture of the COP. How do we experience it? In the Co-Creative Reflection & Dialogue Space, Hall 6. (Kathleen Mar)

30 November 2019, 6 p.m.: Getting ready for COP25

Getting ready for COP25, today we are setting up the „Co-Creative Reflection & Dialogue Space", in Hall 6, near the entrance. Looking forward to inspiring conversation, deep reflection and co-creation! (Carolin Fraude)

Setting up the Dialogue and Reflection Space
Setting up the Dialogue and Reflection Space IASS/C. Fraude

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