Dr. Sabine Christiansen

Dr. Sabine Christiansen

Senior Research Associate

Sabine Christiansen coordinates the R&D project "Deep Seabed Mining - Test Mining and Fair Benefit Sharing", 2018-2020, following up on the prior project "Ecological Safeguards for Deep Seabed Mining", 2015-2017, both financed by the Umweltbundesamt, UBA. The project is part of the suite of "Ocean Governance" projects, led by Sebastian Unger. Sabine studied biology and has a doctoral degree in biological oceanography and polar ecology. In 2015 she was a fellow at IASS with a project investigating the potential sustainability of deep seabed mining. Until 2015, Sabine worked as a consultant at the science-policy interface in the field of marine conservation in Germany, Europe (EU), in the OSPAR Maritime Area, within and beyond national jurisdiction, a.o. towards the designation and appropriate management of networks of marine protected areas, in particular in deep water, conservation measures for deepwater habitats such as hydrothermal vents and seamounts - both habitats now threatened by deep seabed mining. Since 2009, deep seabed mining has come into the focus of her activities as a potentially threatening activity, in particular with respect to the development of the international framework conditions for minimising environmental harm.

∗ 1/2018-12/2020 Researcher, IASS Potsdam, in UBA R&D Project "Deep Seabed Mining - Test Mining and Fair Benefit Sharing";

  • 11/2015-12/2017: Researcher, IASS Potsdam, in UBA R&D Project "Ecological Safeguards for Deep Seabed Mining";
  • 03/2015-10/2015: Fellow, IASS. Project " Blue Growth and Ocean Sustainability: Deep Seabed mining between economic development and environmental protection";
  • 1999 - 2015: Consultant for marine conservation, in particular in the North East Atlantic, a.o. in projects for developing and managing networks of marine protected areas in the OSPAR Maritime Area, incl. In Germany, the North Sea, the high seas; protection of particularly threatened species and habitats such as seamounts (a.o. EU FP5 Projekt OASIS), hydrothermal vents, deep sea sponges; ecological quality objectives and ecosystem approach to management, marine spatial planning, deepwater fisheries management, including designation of vulnerable marine ecosystems, implementation of EU marine conservation legislation, e.g. Natura 2000 und Marine Strategy Framework Directive regionally and in Germany; deep seabed mining in national and international waters.
  • 1998 - 1999: Training Informationmanagement/Research
  • 1993 - 1998: Consultant for university research projects KUSTOS und TRANSWATT, expert reports North Sea and Wadden Sea;
  • 1989: Doctorate Dr. rer. Nat., University of Kiel
  • 1989: Wissenschaftliche Mitarbeiterin, University of Tromsø, Norwegen
  • 1987 - 1988: Wissenschaftliche Mitarbeiterin, University of Kiel
  • 1985 - 1987: Wissenschaftliche Mitarbeiterin, Alfred Wegener Institute forPolar and Marine Research, Bremerhaven;
  • 1984: Diploma Dipl. Biol., University of Braunschweig
  • 1983-1984: Stipend German Academic Exchange Service, DAAD and Dutch Ministry of Education and Science.
  • Marine environmental conservation, incl. tools such as marine protected areas, sustainable fisheries and governance mechnisms
  • Marine ecology

Publications at the IASS

Publications prior to joining the IASS

Deep seabed mining Christiansen, S., 2017. Environmental Standards. Background document for Workshop: Towards an ISA Environmental Management Strategy for the Area. Berlin, March 2017. p. 24 pp. Christiansen, S., Ardron, J., Jaeckel, A., Singh, P., Unger, S., 2016. Towards Transparent Governance of Deep Seabed Mining. IASS Policy Brief 2/2016. Institute for Advanced Sustainability Studies, Potsdam, p. 11. Christiansen, S., 2014. Towards seabed mining in the South Pacific. State of affairs in the region. Report for WWF International, pp. 1-87. Christiansen, S., 2014. Briefing Deep Sea Mining in the South Pacific Region: Solomon Islands. Report for WWF International, pp. 1-39. Christiansen, S., 2014. Briefing Deep Sea Mining in the South Pacific Region: Fiji. Report for WWF International, pp. 1-39. Christiansen, S., 2014. Briefing Deep Sea Mining in the South Pacific Region: Papua New Guinea. Report for WWF International, pp. 1-36. Christiansen, S., 2014. Analyse der deutschen Akteure im Tiefseebergbau: Bundesregierung, Wirtschaft, Wissenschaft. WWF Handlungsoptionen. Report to WWF Germany. 18 pp. Christiansen, S., 2014. The case for OSPAR to address potential deep sea mining as human impact. Annex 1 Seabed minerals and potentials for mining in OSPAR Maritime waters. OSPAR EIHA Gothenburg (Sweden): 31st March - 4 April 2014. EIHA 14/4/ -E. Presented by WWF. Houghton, K., Christiansen, S., Vinck, A., 2017. Legal and Regulatory Issues Surrounding Pilot Mining Tests. Background document for Workshop: Towards an ISA Environmental Management Strategy for the Area Berlin, March 2017. p. 13 pp. WWF, 2014. Bergbau in der Tiefsee. Grenzland für Forschung, Technologie und Naturschutz. WWF Deutschland Hintergrunddokument. 7 pp. Http://www.wwf.de/fileadmin/fm-wwf/Publikationen-PDF/WWF-Hintergrundpapier-Tiefseebergbau.pdf.

Marine Conservation in the North East Atlantic and High Seas Cripps, S. J., Christiansen, S., 2001. A strategic approach to protecting areas on the high seas. In: Thiel, H., Koslow, J.A. (Eds.), Managing Risks to Biodiversity and the Environment on the High Sea, Including Tools such as Marine Protected Areas - Scientific Requirements and Legal Aspects. Bundesamt für Naturschutz, Bonn, pp. 113-122. Christiansen, S., Körner, E., 2013. Schutz den Schutzgebieten in den Küstengewässern der deutschen Nord- und Ostsee - Steckbriefe der Bundesländer, Gebietscluster und Natura 2000 Schutzgebiete mit Maßnahmenvorschlägen. Hintergrundinformationen für WWF. Http://loengsch.bplaced.net/ Christiansen, S., 2012. Schutzgebiete und Nutzungen in der deutschen Nord- und Ostsee - Atlas für WWF. P. 45. http://loengsch.bplaced.net/ Christiansen, S., 2011. Schutz den Schutzgebieten. Anforderungen an ein ökosystemgerechtes Fischereimanagement in den Natura 2000-Gebieten in der Nord- und Ostsee (German, English Summary). WWF Germany, Hamburg, pp. 1-148. http://www.wwf.de/fileadmin/fm-wwf/pdf_neu/WWF_Fischereireport_Web.pdf Christiansen, S., 2010. Background document for the High seas MPAs regional approaches and experiences side event at the 10th Meeting of the Conferences of Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity, 28th of October 2010. WWF, pp. 1-43. Christiansen, S., 2009. Towards Good Environmental Status - A Network of Marine Protected Areas for the North Sea. WWF Germany, Hamburg, pp. 1-104. http://www.wwf.de/fileadmin/fm-wwf/Publikationen-PDF/WWF_North_Sea_MPA_short.pdf Hall-Spencer, J., Tasker, M., Soffker, M., Christiansen, S., Rogers, S., Campbell, M., Hoydal, K., 2009. The design of Marine Protected Areas on High Seas and territorial waters of Rockall. Marine Ecology Progress Series 397, 305-208. Laffoley, D., et al., 2012. The protection and management of the Sargasso Sea. The golden floating rainforest of the Atlantic Ocean. Summary science and supporting evidence case. Sargasso Sea Alliance, Washington, DC, pp. 72. OSPAR Commission, 2010. Background Documents for Coral Gardens, deep-sea sponge aggregations, orange roughy. OSPAR Commission, Biodiversity Series 486, 485, 483/2010. OSPAR Commission, 2010. Background Document on Charlie Gibbs. OSPAR Biodiversity Series 483/2010, London, p. 51 pp. Probert, P. K., S. Christiansen, K. M. Gjerde, S. Gubbay and R. S. Santos, 2007. Management and conservation of seamounts, In: Seamounts: Ecology, Conservation and Management Eds. Pitcher, T. , T. Morato, P. J. B. Hart, M. R. R. Clark, N. Haggan and R. S. Santos. Fish and Aquatic Resources Series, Blackwell, Oxford, UK, 442-475. Santos, R. S., Christiansen, S., Christiansen, B., Gubbay, S., 2009. Towards the Conservation and Management of the Sedlo Seamount: a case study. Deep-Sea Research II 56 (25), 2720-2730. Santos, R.S., Colaço, A., Christiansen, S., 2003. Management of deep-sea hydrothermal vent fields MPA in the Azores Triple Junction. Proceedings of the workshop. Arquipélago - Life and Marine Science Supplement 4, 1-84. Schmidt, S., Christiansen, S., 2004. "The Offshore MPA Toolbox. Implementing Marine Protected Areas in the North-East Atlantic Offshore: Seamounts - A Case Study." OASIS and WWF Germany, Hamburg, Bremen.

Marine Science Christiansen, B., Vieira, R., Christiansen, S., Denda, A., Oliveira, F., Gonçalves, J.S., 2014. The fish fauna of Ampère Seamount (NE Atlantic) and the adjacent abyssal plain. Helgoland Marine Research, 1-11. Christiansen, B., Diel-Christiansen, S., 1993. Respiration of lysianassoid amphipods in a subarctic fjord and some implications on their feeding biology. Sarsia 78, 9-15. Diel, S., Tande, K.S., 1992. Does the spawning of Calanus finmarchicus in high latitudes follow a predictable pattern? A case study. Mar. Biol. 113, 21-31. Diel, S., 1991. Zur Lebensgeschichte dominanter Copepodenarten (Calanus finmarchicus, C. glacialis, C. hyperboreus, Metridia longa) in der Framstraße. (On the life history of dominant copepod species (Calanus finmarchicus, C. glacialis, C. hyperboreus, Metridia longa) in the Fram Strait). Reports on Polar Research 88, 113 pp. Diel, S., Klein Breteler, W.C.M., 1986. Growth and development of Calanus spp. (Copepoda) during spring phytoplankton succession in the North Sea. Mar. Biol. 91, 85-92. Fransz, H.G., Diel, S., 1985. Secondary production of Calanus finmarchicus (Copepoda: Calanoidea) in a transitional system of the Fladen Ground area (northern North Sea) during the spring of 1983. In: GIBBS, P.E. (Ed.), Proc. 19th EMBS. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp. 123-133. van Beusekom, J.E.E., Diel-Christiansen, S., 2007. Global change and the biogeochemistry of the North Sea: the possible role of phytoplankton grazing. Int. J. Earth Sci. DOI10.1007/s00531-007-0233-8. van Beusekom, J.E.E., Fock, H., De Jong, F., Diel-Christiansen, S., Christiansen, B., 2001. Wadden Sea Specific Eutrophication Criteria. Common Wadden Sea Secretariat, Wilhelmshaven. Diel-Christiansen, S., Christiansen, B., 1999. Climate patterns and ambient temperatures. In: De Jong, F., et al. (Eds.), 1999 Wadden Sea Quality Status Report. Wadden Sea Ecosystem No. 9. Common Wadden Sea Secretariat, Trilateral Monitoring and Assessment Group, Quality Status Report Group, Wilhelmshaven, Germany, pp. 80-83. van Beusekom, J.E.E., Diel-Christiansen, S., 1996. Alterations of the North Sea plankton ecosystem due to changes in the regional climate, nutrient input and contaminant load: a hypothesis. In: Andersen, J., Karup, H., Nielsen, U.B. (Eds.), Scientific Symposium on the North Sea Quality Status Report 1993, 18-21 April, 1994, Ebeltoft, Denmark. Ministry of Environment and Energy, Danish Environmental Protection Agency., Copenhagen, pp. 64-73. Vieira, R.P., Christiansen, B., Christiansen, S., Gonçalves, J.M.S., 2012. First record of the deep-water whalefish Cetichthys indagator (Rofen, 1959) (Actinopterygii: Cetomimidae) in the North Atlantic. Journal of Fish Biology 81, 1133-1137.